Bioplastics represent a new class of materials with advantageous origin mostly from renewable resources and with advantageous recovery qualities. Both, energy recovery (incineration with exploitation of energy) and composting (for qualified products) are environmentally benign methods and from a life cycle analysis (LCA) viewpoint, there seem to be no decisive differences. The ecological effects of the two alternatives are determined to a high extent by the available infrastructure. However, where the infrastructure is in place for both methods, a discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of both recovery routes seems appropriate. Dr. Michael Heyde of Duales System Deutschland (DSD) and Joeran Reske of Interseroh share their thoughts with our readers.