bioplastics daily news
  • Newest market and trend report: 2018 was a very good year for bio-based polymers


    Nova-Institute’s latest market and trend report came out earlier this month. Entitles “Bio-based Building Blocks and Polymers – Global Capacities, Production and Trends 2018-2023”, it shows the production capacities and, for the first time, the production data for all bio-based polymers.

    According to this report, the total production volume reached 7.5 million tonnes in 2018, which equates to about 2% of the production volume of petrochemical polymers. The potential of these materials is much higher, the authors note, but the low price of oil combined with the lack of political support are factors working against their reaching significant growth.

    The biobased industry has, however, grown more professional and differentiated over the years. Today, there is a bio-based alternative for practically every application and production capacities and volumes are predicted to continue to show a CAGR of about 4% through 2023, almost the same rate as that projected for petrochemical polymers and continue to hover at around 2% throughout the forecast period. (Figure 1).


    The main reason for the rise in production capacity is the new Total Corbion PLA production facility in Thailand which came on stream in 2018 and the added production capacity of polytrimethylene terephthalate (PTT) and starch blends in the US. Both PLA and starch blends will continue to grow significantly until 2023.
    Furthermore, biobased production capacity will expand during the forecast period for bio-based polyamides, polyethylene (PE) while the production of polypropylene (PP) and poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT) will commence. PEF - polyethylene furanoate - which seemed so promising (PEF) will not be produced at commercial scale until after 2023.

    Overall, the market environment remains challenging with low crude oil prices and little political support,. Thus far, the two major advantages of bio-based polymers have singularly failed to win political acknowledgement. The first advantage is that bio-based polymers replace fossil carbon in the production process with renewable carbon from biomass. While vital for a sustainable, environmentally friendly plastics industry, it has generated little political traction to date.

    The second advantage relates to the end of life: around a quarter of the biobased polymers produced are biodegradable (depending on the environment) and could therefore offer a solution in the case of plastics that are unable to be collected for recycling. Only a few countries such as Italy, France and, in future probably Spain will politically support this additional disposal route.

    Growth drivers
    The most important market drivers in 2018 were brands that wanted to offer their customers environmentally friendly solutions and critical consumers looking for alternatives to petrochemicals. If bio-based polymers were to be accepted as a solution and promoted similarly to the way biofuels are, annual growth rates of 10 to 20% could be expected. The same applies in respect of the oil price. Based on the existing technical maturity of bio-based polymers, considerable market share could then be gained.

    The 380-page market report is updated every year. The update for the year 2018 contains comprehensive information on capacity development from 2018 to 2023, per bio-based building block and polymer and for the first time production data for the year 2018, per bio-based polymer.

    A total of 17 bio-based building blocks and 16 polymers are covered in the report. In addition, the new issue includes analyses of market developments and producers per building block and polymer, so that readers can quickly gain an overview of developments that go far beyond capacity and production figures. A collaboration with experts in the area made it possible, for the first time, to compile a detailed study, calculation and explanation of the market development of cellulose acetate (CA), bio-based epoxy resins and bio-based polyurethanes . The deep dive into the producing companies was comprehensively updated and shows now 175 detailed company profiles – from start-ups to multinational corporations.

    Bio-based Polymers


    Figure 2 shows all commercially realized pathways from biomass via different building blocks and monomers to bio-based polymers. As in previous years, we have added several pathways and some new intermediates.


    Figure 3 shows the different pathways of bio-based “drop-in”, “smart drop-in” and “dedicated” inputs within the chemical production chain. For each group certain bio-based polymers are exemplarily shown. The different bio-based polymer groups are subject to different market dynamics. While the drop-ins have direct petrochemical counterparts and can substitute them, the dedicated ones have new properties and functionalities that petrochemistry does not provide. Both have their own advantages and disadvantages from a production and market perspective.


    Figure 4 summarises the results of the 380-pages report and shows the development of capacities from 2018 to 2023 on the basis of forecasts by current and some additional producers. Here an increase is shown from 8 Mio. tonnes production capacity in 2018 to 9.6 Mio. tonnes in 2023, which means an expected yearly growth rate of about 4% (CAGR). With an expected CAGR of 10% between 2018 and 2023, Europe will display the highest growth of bio-based polymer capacities compared to other regions of the world (see Figure 7).


    If only the new dedicated polymers (for definition see Figure 3) are considered, the growth rates are expected to be even higher (CAGR = 5%), as Figure 5 shows. In the group of dedicated bio-based polymers, price pressure stemming from cheap crude oil is lower than for other groups because there are no direct petrochemical counterparts.

    Figure 6 illustrates the development of capacities for the main bio-based building blocks, the core of the new bioeconomy, used for the production of polymers. Between 2018 and 2023, the CAGR of 4.5% will be only slightly higher than that of bio-based polymers (4%) as a whole. The building blocks can be used in structural polymers as well as in functional polymers (for definition see below) and also in various other applications such as food, feed, cosmetics or pharmaceuticals.


    Figure 6 Bio-based building blocks - Evolution of worldwide production capacities from 2011 to 2023

    The overall production capacity of bio-based building blocks increased by about 5% (120,000 t/a) in 2018, although some pioneers went bankrupt. The overall forecast for bio-based building blocks evolution worldwide indicates a total growth by 4.5% until 2023 with 1,3-propanediol (1,3-PDO), 1,4-butanediol (1,4-BDO), 1,5-pentamethylenediamine (DN5) and 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid (2,5-FDCA) / furan dicarboxylic methyl ester (FDME) being the main drivers.
    Global production capacities of bio-based polymers by region
    Besides the leading Asian region which has installed the largest bio-based production capacities worldwide with 53% in 2018, Europe follows with 18% and North and South America with 17% respectively 11%. In the next five years, the share of Europe will rise to 25% until 2023 – all other regions will face decreasing shares (see Figure 7).

    This increase is mainly due to the dedicated bio-based polymers PEF, PHA, PLA and starch blends as well as the new established bio-based production capacity of PP, the increase in PE capacity and an increase in polyamides and PBAT.
    This shows that the substantial investment in research and development in Europe is bearing fruit. Now, if the political framework were designed more favourably, the bioeconomy in Europe could really flourish. Technology and business are ready.

    Market segments for bio-based polymers

    Figure 8 Shares of the produced bio-based polymers in different market segments in 2018 and 2023

    Today, bio-based polymers can be used in almost all market segments and applications, but the applications per polymer are very different. Figure 8 shows a summary of the applications for all polymers.
    Consumer goods make up the largest share of actually produced bio-based polymers with 28% in 2018 (mainly PUR, epoxy resins and PA), followed by the building and construction sector (epoxy resins, PA, PUR) with 21%, the automotive and transport sector with 19% (epoxy resins, PA, PUR) and the packaging (flexible and rigid) (PLA, PBAT, PE, PET, starch blends) with 15%, as well as textiles (wovens and non-wovens) (CA, PA, PLA, PTT) with 11%. For 2023, no significant changes are expected with regard to market application shares.

  • Innova Imagen licenses bio-on technology for PHA production in Mexico


    Bio-on and Innova Imagen (Himes Group) have entered into an agreement to collaborate on the industrial production of PHA bioplastic using Bio-on’s proprietary technology and based on local feedstock resources.

    mUnder the agreement, which was announced 19 February, Bio-on, headquartered in Bologna, Italy, grants to Innova Imagen, a Monterrey, Mexico – based member of the Himes Group, the exclusive right to design and develop the first plant in Mexico for the production of PHA, a biobased, biodegradable bioplastic obtained from agro-industrial residues and by-products.

    The agreement provides for a period of 18 months in which Innova Imagen can evaluate the business initiative, i.e. the use of Bio-on’s technologies in Mexico.
    For Bio-on, the agreement is worth half a million euros, the first of its kind in Central-North American region, the company said. 

    The companies will start the collaboration over the coming weeks. The first step will involve assessing the various types of feedstock l available in Mexico, including wastes from the agave processing industry. Different scenarios for the industrial plant will be examined based on the different raw materials to be valorised and the market segments to be addressed. As Innova Imagen is active in the manufacture and merchandising of apparel, particular attention will be given to the textile and fashion industry.

    According to Rogelio Himes, co-Founder and CSO of Innova Imagen, the potential use of PHA in the textile and fashion industry attracted the company’s attention because of their possibility to replace synthetic fibres, such as polyester – “one of the largest sources of pollution of our oceans caused by microfiber shredding when the clothes are washed and become in contact with our ecosystems and remain for centuries just as many of the existing plastics”.

    The tasks related to the engineering and business plan will be implemented by both teams while the ENG (Engineering) and RAF (Recovery And Fermentation) Bio-on units will work on the development and improvements of synergies and interconnections between the future PHA plant and other possible production sites in the geographical area. 

    Driven by burgeoning consumer demand for eco-sustainable products, as well as by brand-owners' commercial strategies and the emerging regulations around the world banning traditional plastics, the market for PHA is one that can only grow.

    «The PHA revolution is already a reality “, said Marco Astorri, President and CEO of Bio-on. 

    All bioplastics developed by Bio-on (PHAs or polyhydroxyalkanoates and PHBs or polyhydroxybutyrate) are obtained from renewable plant and lipid sources without any competition with food supply chains.

  • Nouryon signs deal with Itaconix for bio-based polymers for the detergents market


    Last month, Nouryon (formerly AkzoNobel Specialty Chemicals) entered into a supply agreement with bio-based polymers maker Itaconix.

    mUnder terms of the agreement, Itaconix will produce and supply polymers with chelating properties that Nouryon will market to customers in household, institutional, and industrial detergent and cleaner applications. In addition, the companies will work together to transition many of Itaconix’s current detergent customers to Nouryon.

    It is the first supply agreement resulting from a joint development agreement signed by the companies in 2017 to explore opportunities for polymers made from bio-based itaconic acid using Itaconix’s technology.

    Peter Kuijpers, General Manager Chelates and Micronutrients at Nouryon, said: “We are excited to expand the bio-based solutions we deliver to our customers by adding Itaconix’s proprietary polymers to our industry-leading product offerings in detergents. These polymers will generate new opportunities for our customers in key detergent applications, enabling greener formulations without compromises on technical performance.

    “The new range of polymers strengthens Nouryon’s position as a leader in the chelates industry,” Kuijpers said. “Establishing this unique position is of strategic importance and underlines our commitment to sustainable growth.”

    Peter Nieuwenhuizen, Chief Technology Officer at Nouryon, added: “We are pleased to complete the first supply agreement under our collaboration with Itaconix around its novel itaconic acid polymer platform. We firmly believe in the power and potential of collaborative innovation. By partnering, we create even greater innovation opportunities to offer to our customers.”

    John R. Shaw, CEO of Itaconix, said: “I am excited that our joint work with Nouryon over the last year has created this global opportunity for our polymers.”

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